Major Currency Pairs: What Are the Major Forex Pairs? IG International

Nothing in this material is financial, investment, legal, tax or other advice and no reliance should be placed on it. It’s also worth bearing in mind that as oil is priced in US dollars, if the price of oil rises, it’s likely that the value of the Canadian dollar will strengthen compared to the US dollar. First, the dollar normally weakens when oil rises, because more dollars are being converted into other currencies to buy oil. First of all, choosing the Forex strategy depends on the trader themselves — their character, goals, budget, free time, and specific knowledge.

For example, the US dollar and euro exchange rate is identified as EUR/USD. These often include the major currency pairs, that are crossed with the US dollar, such as EUR/USD, GBP/USD, USD/JPY, and USD/CHF. The best currency pair for you will ultimately depend on your strategy and interest.

forex pairs

Determine significant support and resistance levels with the help of pivot points. In our crypto guides, we explore bitcoin and other popular coins and tokens to help you better navigate the crypto jungle. From basic trading terms to trading jargon, you can find the explanation for a long list of trading terms here. GBP is the abbreviation for the British pound sterling, the official currency of the United Kingdom and its territories.

How to trade currency

No HE with registered and office address at Spyrou Kyprianou 50, Irida 3 Tower 10th Floor, Larnaca 6057, Cyprus. But this means that in periods of economic stability, the CHF will often weaken in value when other currencies are appreciating. EUR/USD is a common trade for beginners because there’s usually a lot of information available online about the pair. Discover how to hedge against inflation and assets to choose so that your investments deliver a good income and become the perfect protection against inflation. A Forex trend is the directional movement of an asset’s price over a certain period, with a clear intensity and consistent updating of local highs.

The South Korean economy has grown during the turn of this century to become the fourth largest in Asia and the eleventh in the world as of November 2019. This could be a reason for the increased activity that USD/KRW has experienced, as traders and speculators seek exposure to another key Asian market, besides those of Japan, China and Hong Kong. No, exotic pairs are not exotic belly dancers who happen to be twins.

Currency pairs are the national currencies from two countries coupled for trading on the foreign exchange marketplace. In summary, major forex pairs are the most frequently traded currency pairs within the forex market. If you are interested in opening a live or demo account to trade on the underlying price movements of our currency pairs, read our article with suggestions for the most traded currency pairs. Minor pairs, also known as cross-currency pairs, don’t contain the US dollar, but still include widely traded currencies like the euro, British pound, and Japanese yen. Minor pairs are generally less popular among traders as they are less liquid and often have higher spreads. CFDs are complex instruments and come with a high risk of losing money rapidly due to leverage.

forex pairs

Some online forex providers typically quote no more than a fixed 1-point spread between the bid and offer on major how much does a snapchat geofilter cost, and liquid cross rates in normal market conditions. The US dollar and Swiss Franc currency pair, also known as trading the “Swissie”, may initially sound a surprise inclusion as Switzerland isn’t a major global economy. However, this currency pair is popular due to the strong reputation Switzerland holds as a safe haven. With a stable financial system and government, traders turn to the franc in times of economic uncertainty.

The popularity of EUR/USD as a currency pair means that it is highly liquid and that brokers often offer tight spreads. Equally, it tends to be less volatile than other currency pairs because the US dollar and the euro are backed by the world’s two largest economies. Three major currency markets — Asia, Europe, and North America — have great differences in time. Night trading can refer to any of these markets; it depends on your location.

Although it is less liquid than the other major pairs listed, it’s still a popular choice among traders. Known as “The Gopher”, this currency pair is one of the most popular pairs amongst traders. This means that traders can buy and sell the currency pair without experiencing significant fluctuations in the exchange rate.

Sometimes the term base currency may also refer to the functional currency of a bank or company, usually their domestic currency. For example, a British bank may use GBP as a base currency for accounting, because all profits and losses are converted to sterling. If a EUR/USD position is closed out with a profit in USD by a British bank, then the rate-to-base will be expressed as a GBP/USD rate. This ambiguity leads many market participants to use the expressions currency 1 and currency 2 , where one unit of CCY1 equals the quoted number of units of CCY2. Quotes against major currencies other than USD are referred to as currency crosses, or simply crosses. The most common crosses are EUR, JPY, and GBP crosses, but may be a major currency crossed with any other currency.

Multi-Asset Broker CFDs

Although City Index is not specifically prevented from dealing before providing this material, City Index does not seek to take advantage of the material prior to its dissemination. This material is not intended for distribution to, or use by, any person in any country or jurisdiction where such distribution or use would be contrary to local law or regulation. So far in 2022, the won has remained close to its lowest level since 2009 due to rising interest rates, global recession fears and weakening demand for exports. It’s important to monitor the ongoing political and economic ties between the UK and EU to trade EUR/GBP, as well as the interest rates set by the Bank of England and the European Central Bank. More recently, the leading factors to monitor when trading the USD/CNY pair is US-China tensions, which have flared up for a number of reasons over the years.

forex pairs

Luckily, with the majors, such movements are less frequent – although important political events can still affect the price of sterling and euro currency pairs. GBP/EUR is a key currency pair that explores the relationship between the British pound and the euro. GBP/EUR experienced significant volatility and has been especially volatile ever since the UK voted to leave the European Union on 23 June 2016. The pair also displayed notable movements during 2020, when the Covid-19 pandemic all but shut down national economies across the UK and Europe.

Making your first forex trade

Well done, you’ve completed Trading forex, lesson 1 in Introduction to financial markets. Go to your open positions, where you’ll be able to see your running profit or loss. When you’re ready to close your position, find EUR/USD and hit ‘close’ to sell 1000 EUR/USD. To close a forex trade, you trade in the opposite direction to when you opened it. If you used a buy trade to open, you sell to close – and vice versa. Choose abuyposition if you believe that the value of the base currency will rise compared to the quote currency.

This second currency is known as the quote or counter currency. For example, if you buy pound versus US dollar (GBP/USD), you are anticipating a rise in the pound at the expense of the US dollar. Profit and loss is normally expressed in the amount of the secondary currency in forex trading. As the world’s second biggest currency, the euro is another key pairing with the Japanese yen. It is heavily influenced by the volume of JPY carry trades, as well as market sentiment.

The more often the currency is traded, the more money you may make trading it. Another 10% is taken by GBP and AUD, so the list isn’t very long. The size of your trade determines how much of the base currency you are buying or selling – and how much you’ll make or lose for each pip that the pair moves.

  • These often include the major currency pairs, that are crossed with the US dollar, such as EUR/USD, GBP/USD, USD/JPY, and USD/CHF.
  • However, this currency pair is popular due to the strong reputation Switzerland holds as a safe haven.
  • The high volatility of these pairs is due to the pairing of a strong major currency with a more developing and unstable currency.
  • Therefore each trade is counted twice, once under the sold currency ($) and once under the bought currency (€).
  • The pairing of the euro and the British pound in the EUR/GBP pair is often seen as one of the most difficult pairs to make accurate price predictions for.

The pair is perhaps one of the most difficult exchange rates to predict, because of the close but uncertain link between the economies. The run up to Brexit caused a highly volatile price for EUR/GBP, and as the UK heads for a deeper recession than the eurozone, it’s likely the pound will suffer more losses against the EUR. Movement in the forex market is measured by pips, which are the last decimal place in the quote price of a currency. So, short-term traders will seek out currency pairs with the greatest pip values. The last three are often called commodity pairs, and sometimes they are excluded from the list of the major currency pairs.

Major Currency Pairs

This pair is often used in the carry trade strategy due to the difference in interest rates. Some experts name only four major currency pairs (EUR/USD, USD/JPY, GBP/USD, and USD/CHF), while others think that there are seven (the four given above plus NZD/USD, USD/CAD, and AUD/USD). A good rule of thumb if you’re new to forex is to focus on one or two currency pairs. Generally, traders will choose to trade EUR/USD, USD/JPY or GBP/USD because there is so much information and resources available about the underlying economies involved. Majors are the most actively traded currencies, constituting about 85% of the total FX volume.

Currency Pair

Commodity currencies are those from countries that have large quantities of commodities or other natural resources. The exchange rate of the currencies of these countries td ameritrade forex reviews are tied to their respective export activities. This is because the strength of the economy can be highly dependent on the prices of their natural resources.

What are the best forex pairs to trade?

A trader may buy the EUR/USD pair if they believe the euro will increase in value relative to the dollar. Buying the EUR/USD dollar pair can also be referred to as ‘going long’. Alternatively, a trader could sell the EUR/USD pair – also known as ‘going short’ – if they believe the value of the euro will go down relative to the dollar. Read more examples of short selling currenciesusing spread bets and CFDs. Geopolitical instability could mean that investors and traders lose confidence in a country’s ability to govern or expect that there will be difficult times ahead for the economy. This might mean that the currency stagnates or becomes too volatile to trade.

When entering EUR/USD sales, traders will profit if the dollar strengthens or sustain a loss if the euro’s value rises. Right now, the four major trading currencies on forex are USD, EUR, JPY, and GBP. It is important to follow risk management rules when determining the position size.


When a central bank raises interest rates, it can increase the value of a country’s currency, whereas lower interest rates can decrease the value of a country’s currency. The spread offered to a retail customer with an account at a brokerage firm, rather than a large international forex market maker, is larger and varies between brokerages. Brokerages typically increase the spread they receive from their market providers as compensation for their service to the end customer, rather than charge a transaction fee.

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